Skin routine for hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation is a very common skin concern and condition. It is characterised by the darkening of skin colour than the normal surrounding skin. The change in skin colour is caused by excess production of melanin (the brown pigment responsible for skin colour). Hyperpigmentation can affect the skin color of any gender, race or age. Whether its sunspots, post-inflammatory hyperpigementation or melasma, with the right guidance and skincare routine we are confident you can address hyperpigmentation to achieve your skin goals.
Have you heard of Melasma?
This common skin condition causes brown patches across the face – especially the cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, and upper lip. It tends to affect women more than men, and it is more common in darker skin. The cause of melasma is not clearly known but we are aware of a few triggers such as hormonal changes (pregnancy, birth control pill) and overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. Although there is no cure for melasma we’ve got you covered with the best skincare treatments and advice to help improve the appearance of melasma.
How about Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)?
Dark patches can occur after an injury to the skin (cut or burn) or once a blemish has healed. You can improve the chances of the dark patches getting better by avoiding too much sun exposure and not picking your spots.
Check out our routine for those with skin hyperpigmentation
In the mornings wash your face with a brightening cleanser to gently clean and removes dirt, oil and any other impurities from the skin. Aim for cleansers containing ingredients such as vitamin C, niacinamide, glycolic acid, mandelic acid or lactic acid.
Vitamin C Serum
Vitamin C is powerful antioxidant that helps to keep our skin cells healthy by shielding the skin from harmful aggressors such as pollution and UV exposure that can lead to free radical damage. It can be found naturally in fruits and vegetables or synthetically manufactured. In addition, the skin brightening ingredient improves the appearance of discoloration to even the skin tone.
Apply 4-6 drops to your fingertips then press gently into the face and neck, massage until well absorbed. Apply daily in the morning only to a dry face after cleansing.
Niacinamide (vitamin B3) is a widely used cosmeceutical ingredient. It can effectively reduce pigmentation, erythema and enhance the epidermal barrier, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and improve skin elasticity
Some studies have shown tranexamic acid to be beneficial in treating melasma and also prevents UV-induced pigmentation.
Licorice extract works as a skin brightener by inhibiting the production of melanin, dispersing excess melanin and has anti-inflammatory qualities.
Kojic acid inhibits the production of excess melanin to improve discolouration and also offers antioxidant production.
Alpha arbutinin is a skin brightener extracted from bearberries, blueberries and cranberries. It inhibits tyrosinase activity to reduce melanin production in the skin. Alpha arbutinin is great for lightening dark spots and helps to even out skin tone.
Phloretin is an antioxidant found in apples and has the ability to reduce discoloration, fine lines and uneven skin tone.
Aim for lightweight moisturisers that are non-comedogenic (do not clog pores leading to further breakouts) and contain ingredients such as ceramides and fatty acids to strengthen and maintain the skin barrier.
Chose lightweight broad spectrum (protects against UVA and UVB) sunscreens that do not leave the skin feeling greasy and shiny. In the UK, use SPF 30 and above. It is important to use sunscreen daily to prevent overexposure to UV light that can worsen hyperpigmentation, reduce the risk of skin cancer and premature ageing of the skin. If you are using alpha and beta hydroxy acids, and vitamin A ingredients to manage your hyperpigmentation, these ingredients tend to make the skin more sensitive to sun. There are some sunscreens that contain additional active brightening ingredients such as tranexamic acid, resveratrol and vitamin c. For those with sensitive skin it is better to use a mineral sunscreen.
Use the same cleanser in the morning and consider double cleansing to remove excess oil, makeup and sunscreen as well as increase the likelihood of products penetrating the skin layers deeper.
Dual action exfoliators are very useful for managing hyperpigmentation as they combine physical and chemical exfoliants to exfoliate dull uneven skin, leading to brighter, smoother, and a more radiant complexion.
You can use the same product as the morning serum as long as you do not use it at the same time as the vitamin A products in evening to reduce the risk of irritation to the skin.
Vitamin A product
Retinal, retinol or tretinoin are derivatives of vitamin A. They work at a deeper cellular level, where they help to boost collagen and elastin. They are also highly effective at reducing acne as they unclog pores and help to improve hyperpigmentation. They can be quite drying and irritating to begin with. We advise using these products at night after cleansing twice a week to begin and increase if the skin tolerates it well.
How it works
Take our 3 minute quiz
Start with a skin quiz compiled by our doctors
This assesses many factors to allow us to customise your skincare for a £10 skin analysis fee
Receive your Customised Skin Programme
Our skin experts will determine the best products for YOU according to your profile
Choose your products
Pay only for the products you’d like to keep
Redeem the £10 against anything you purchase
Delivery to Your Door
We will customise your programme each time adjusting to changes in the seasons and lifestyle factors so your skincare is customised for you