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Sensitive skin can present in many different ways with different causes, and over 40% of people may report may report having sensitive skin. This skin type has a weaker, thinner barrier and tends to be more reactive than average. It allows irritants to penetrate the skin and contribute to inflammation.
The skin barrier is like a brick wall (cell) held together by mortar (lipids). The barrier is composed of ceramides, cholesterol and lipid. In sensitive skin types, the mortar is impaired making the barrier more permeable for outside irritants to enter internally. In addition the thin barrier makes it harder for the skin to retain moisture.
Sensitive skin reacts more to external influences such as stress, dry air from heating systems, strong winds, pollution or UV light. Signs of sensitivity include redness and irritation, tingling, tightness and flakiness, and reactions after shaving, waxing and beauty procedure.
Persistent sensitivity may be a sign of an underlying skin condition like rosacea (characterised by red skin, swelling,flushing and visible blood vessels in the face , eczema (also known as atopic dermatitis, which can cause dry, itchy, inflamed skin), or contact dermatitis (rashes triggered by contact with irritants or allergens).
There are many solutions to helping sensitive skin. Aim to repair the skins barrier function, reduce irritation, soothe the skin and encourage restoration and renewal of the skin cells.
The management of sensitive skin focuses on the underlying cause and avoidance of the triggers. Management may also include:
- Soap-free cleansers
- Fragrance-free skincare products
- Some essential oils can cause irritation in this skin type
- Non-irritating moisturisers and emollients. It is important to retain moisture by using emollients and humectants like glycerin and hyaluronic acid, and restore the lipid barrier ceramides and fatty acids like
linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids.
- Sun protection. Physical sunscreens should be used instead of chemical sunscreens that have ingredients like titanium dioxide and zinc oxide to reduce to chance of irritating sensitive skin
At Skinora, our skin experts do the work for you whether its products or a personalised regime skin kit made for you. Our skinora kits are made up of products hand-selected by our doctors, that deliver real, visible results backed by science. Trust this process and sensitivity will be a thing of the past.
Dry Skin is very common. It can present at any age and for many reasons. You may find that your skin feels tight, uncomfortable, itchy, rough in texture, flaky and chapped. Skin becomes dry when it loses too much water or oil. Some people are more likely to have dry skin. Dry skin can occur due to a number of reasons:
- cleaning or scrubbing the skin too much
- using very hot baths or showers.
- Very frequent showering or bathing i.e.more than once a day.
- living in areas with cold, dry winters.
- using central heating.
- prolonged sun exposure.
- As we grow older, our skin becomes thinner and drier
- an overactive immune system and skin conditions such as eczema and
How to combat dry skin?
- Cleanse to gently remove dirt and dead cell build-ups from your skin and restore moisture levels
- Serums can penetrate the deeper layers of skin to repair the skin
- Moisturisers. Creams and ointments tend to work better than lotions. When you apply a cream or ointment to your skin, it can hold more moisture in your skin than a lotion.
- SPF can protect you from harmful effects of UVB, UVA and HEV light. It’s enriched with skin conditioners and antioxidants to support healthy moisture levels and protect the skin from free radical damage.
At Skinora, our skin experts do the work for you whether its products or a personalised regime skin kit made for you. Our skinora kits are made up of products hand-selected by our doctors that deliver real, visible results backed by science. Embark on your Skinora journey today to achieve healthier skin.
Eyes- Ageing/dark circles
Dark circles under the eyes are often described as a dark appearance of the lower eyelids. It is a common complaint with a number of causes:
- Excessive pigmentation (melanin) around the eyes: atopic dermatitis, periorbital hyperpigmentation which tends to be genetic and more common in people with darker skin tones, sun exposure, rubbing the eyes
- Bulging fat and muscle loss
- Puffy eyelids: due thyroid disease, dermatitis and hayfever
- Loss of fatty tissue in the eyelid or around the eye: due to ageing, genetic factors and smoking
- Thin, translucent skin around the eye due to loss of collagen: due to ageing and genetics
- Shadowing caused by the shape of the orbital bone: more apparent due to lack of sleep, puffy eyelids, sunken eyes due to lack of adequate hydration
- Medications: Any drug that causes the blood vessels to dilate can cause dark circles under the eyes
- Diet/Nutrition:Poor nutrition and diet can contribute to dark circles under the eye. Anaemia, in particular iron deficiency anaemia, can lead to discolouration under the eyes
How to manage dark circles under the eyes?
It is important to have a good night’s sleep, drink plenty of water, stop smoking, avoid excessive sun exposure, eat healthily and avoid rubbing or scratching your eyes. In addition, you can raise your head with an extra pillow to reduce swelling and dark circles around the eyes.
Using cucumber may decrease the swelling and relieve tired eyes. You may find that the skin around eyes will feel nourished and hydrated due to the vitamin C and water content. You can also try cold compresses can cause the blood vessels to constrict, cosmetic camouflage, reducing sun exposure by using sunglasses and using sunscreen.
Applying local treatment to the target area such as eye cream can reduce dark circles and puffiness. Topical caffeine stimulates the blood circulation around the eyes and also accelerates the flow of blood in the capillaries around the eyes. Brightening agents like vitamin C, licorice, kojic acid and niacinamide are helpful. Vitamin K can help reduce the purplish discolouration from blood vessels. Other agents can be found inside the creams to improve hyperpigmentation such as hydroquinone, retinoids or both.
The skin around your eyes is a very delicate thin area prone to sagging, fine lines and wrinkles. This area lacks collagen and elastin compared to the rest of the face. Using antioxidants in this region provide protection from free radical damage that can accelerate the ageing process. Hyaluronic acid is a powerful humectant known for its ability to retain natural moisture levels and plump the skin making it a great for the skin around the eye area.
At Skinora, our skin experts do the work for you whether its products or a personalised regime skin kit made for you. Our skinora kits are made up of products hand-selected by our doctors that deliver real, visible results backed by science. Embark on Skinora journey today to achieve healthier skin.